Orthodontics is the science of moving teeth in a physiologic way. Treatment begins when most of the permanent teeth have erupted. Braces are the most efficient and accurate way of moving teeth (braces and wires). The braces are usually made of surgical stainless steel, although clear brackets are available. You can choose the color of the ties that hold the wire in the braces. Fitting braces usually requires 2 one hour appointments, one week apart. The braces will remain on the teeth for the duration of treatment. Treatment times will vary according to the complexity of the case.